History For SSC Exam

1000+ Indian History Questions and Answers for SSC CGL Exam

1000+ Indian History Questions and Answers for SSC CGL Exam

Indian History

Harappan/Indus Civilization (1200 BC-1750 BC)


  1. The Harappan civilization was discovered in the year 1921
  2. Lothal is a site where dockyard of which of the following civilization was found –Indus Valley
  3. The people of the Indus valley civilization usually built their houses of –Pucca bricks
  4. The Indus valley people traded with the –Mesopotamian
  5. The Indus valley civilization was non-Aryan because –It was urban
  6. All the following statements regarding the Indus valley civilization are correct except

    1. The Indus valley civilization was an advanced urban civilization
    2. Iron was not known to the people
    3. It is difficult to say to which race the people belonged
    4. The people knew nothing about agriculture
  7. The local name of Mohanjodaro is –Mound of the Dead
  8. The Indus valley is civilized in –Town planning
  9. The famous figure of a dancing girl found in the excavation of Mohenjodaro was made of –bronze
  10. Which of the following animal was not known to Indus valley civilization
    1. Giraffe
    2. Bull
    3. horse
    4. elephant
  11. Out of the following remains excavated in Indus valley which one indicates the commercial and economic development –seals
  12. The earliest city discovered in India was –Harappa
  13. The Indus civilization site which gives evidence of a dockyard –Lothal
  14. which one of the statements regarding Harappan civilization is correct
    1. the standard Harappan seals were made of clay
    2. the inhabitants of Harappa had neither knowledge of copper nor bronze
    3. the Harappan civilization was rural-based
    4. the inhabitants of Harappa grew and used cotton
  15. An advanced water management system of Harappan times has been unearthed at –dholavira
  16. From which one of the following places, remains of wells have been found in houses belonging to the developed stage of the Indus valley civilization –Mohenjo-Daro
  17. The archaeological finds from alamgirpur in Ghaziabad district reflected the –Harappa culture
  18. Cotton for textile was first cultivated in –India
  19. Rock-cut architecture in Harrapan culture context has been found at –dholavira
  20. Consider the following statements and select the correct answers from the codes given below –
    1. Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Ropar and kalibangan are important places of Indus valley civilization
    2. Harappan people developed planned cities with a network of streets and drainage system
    3. Harappan people did not know the use of metals
      1. 1 and 2 are correct
      2. 1 and 3 are correct
      3. 2 and 3 are correct
      4. 1,2 and 3 are correct
  21. which one of the following was not known to the Harappans
    1. construction of wells
    2. construction of pillars
    3. constructions of drains
    4. constructions of arches
  22. A copper chariot of Harappa times was discovered at –daimabad
  23. One of the following sites from where the famous bull seal of Indus valley civilization was found –Harappa
  24. who discovered the Indus valley civilization –dayaram sahni
  25. which one of the following animals was not represented on the seals and terracotta art of the Harappan culture
    1. cow
    2. elephant
    3. rhinoceros
    4. tiger
  26. List matching with the correct answer
    1. Lothal -dockyard
    2. kalibangan -ploughted field
    3. dholavira -an inscription comprising ten large-sized sign of the Harappan script
    4. banawali -a terracotta replica of a plough

Vedic Culture


  1. Who was the first European to designate Aryans as a race –Max Muller
  2. The staple food of Vedic Aryan was –milk and its products
  3. The battle of Mahabharata is believed to have been fought at Kurukshetra for –18 days
  4. Which one of the following is the stages of the life of man in Aryan society in ascending order of age is correct
    1. Brahmacharya-Grihastha-Vanaprastha-Sanyasa
    2. Grihastha-Brahmacharya-Vanprastha-Sanyasa
    3. Brahmacharya-Vanprastha-Sanyasa-Grihastha
    4. Grihastha-Sanyasa-Vanprastha-Brahmacharya
  5. Who wrote Sanskrit grammar –Panini
  6. Which river has no mention in Rigveda
    1. Sindhu
    2. Saraswati
    3. Yamuna
    4. Periyar
  7. Assertion (A): The development of a high state of abstract thinking is a marked feature of early Vedic Literature Reason (R): Cosmic mystery of creation and records of philosophic doubts about it are a part of the many Vedic hymns.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  8. Which of the following is the major impact of Vedic culture on Indian History?
    1. Progress of philosophy
    2. Development of culture
    3. Rigidification of the caste system
    4. Perception of the new world
  9. In which language was the Shrimad Bhagwad Gita originally written –Sanskrit
  10. Purushasukta is founded in the –Rigveda
  11. The hymns of “Rigveda” are work of –many authors
  12. The govt of India has decided to declare which of the following rivers as “National River” –Ganga
  13. Patanjali is well known for the compilation of –Yoga sutra
  14. The god who is the most prominent in Rigveda is –Indra
  15. The Rigvedic god Varun was –Guardian of the cosmic order
  16. Nivi, Paridhan, and Adhivasa were the –Different types of garments of the Aryans
  17. Panini, the first grammarian of Sanskrit language in India, lived during the –6th-5th century BC
  18. The word satyamev jayate in the state emblem of India have been adopted from –Mundak Upanishad
  19. Upanishad are books on –Philosophy
  20. The expounder of yoga philosophy was- Patanjali
  21. The great lawgiver of ancient times was –Manu
  22. The word gotra occurs for the first time in –Rigveda
  23. Which one of the following is the distinctive feature between a nastika and astika system in India –Belief in the existence of God
  24. Nyaya Darshan was propagated by- Gautam
  25. Ashtadhyayi was written by –Panini
  26. The literal meaning of the word Arya is –superior
  27. The Manu Smriti mainly deals with –law
  28. Purushmedha i.e. Male sacrifice is referred to in –Shatapatha Brahman
  29. Who composed Gayatri Mantra –Vishwamitra
  30. Author of Nyaya Sutra was –Gautam
  31. The word Aryan means –of good family
  32. The Vedas which contain the account of magical charms and spells is –Atharvaveda
  33. The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of –worship of nature and yajnas

Mahajanapada Period (600 BC-325 BC)


  1. The Indian king who opposed Alexnder was –Porus
  2. The ancient name of north Bihar was –Vajji
  3. In Ancient India, the earliest capital of Magadha Kingdom was at –Rajgir
  4. When Alexander invaded India, who were the rulers’ of Magadha –Nandas
  5. Which one of the following rulers of Magadha was the contemporary of Alexander the Great
    1. Mahapadmananda
    2. Dhanananda
    3. Nandas
    4. Mauryas
  6. Where was the seat of the first republic of the world in 6th century BC- Vaishali
  7. By which ruler Pataliputra was chosen for the first time as a capital –Udayan
  8. The list of sixteen Mahajanapadas is available in –Anguttar Nikaya
  9. Which was the first capital of Magadha –Girivarja (Rajgriha)
  10. Who founded Patliputra –Udayin
  11. By whom the first republic of the world was established in Vaishali –Lichhavi
  12. List Matching:
    1. Pradyota- Avanti
    2. Udayan- Vatsa
    3. Prasenjit- Kosala
    4. Ajatshatru- Magadha
  13. Which early ruler of Magadha murdered his father to ascend the throne and, in turn, was murdered by his own son- Ajatshatru
  14. Magadha dynasty in chronological order- Haranyaka>>>Nandas>>>Maurya>>>Sungas
  15. Mahajanapada situated on the bank of river Godavari was- Assaka
  16. Who was the founder of Nanda Dynasty- Mahapadmananda
  17. Which dynasty was ruling over North India at the time of ALexander’s invasion- Nanda
  18. Who among the following was NOT a contemporary of other there?
    1. Bimbisara
    2. Gautama Buddha
    3. Milinda
    4. Prasenjit
  19. Between which of the following was the ancient town of Takshila located
    1. Indus and Jhelum
    2. Jhelum and Chenab
    3. Chenab and Ravi
    4. Ravi and Beas

Religious Movements (600 BC-400 BC)


  1. Where did Lord Buddha breathe his last (Mahaparinirvan)- Kushinagar
  2. Where has the world’s largest monolithic statue of Buddha has been installed- Bamiyan
  3. Which is the sacred book of the Buddhists- Tripitaka
  4. Buddha means- the enlightened
  5. Name the clan Buddha Belonged to- Shakya
  6. In which state of India the Nalanda University is located- Bihar
  7. Mahavira was born in 6th century BC at- Vaishali
  8. The religious literature of the Jains at the early stage was written in- Ardhamagadhi
  9. Which of the following is associated with Jainism-
    1. Kapilvastu
    2. Pava
    3. Sanskrit
    4. None of these
  10. List matching with Correct Answers
    1. Abhidhamma Pitika- Matters of psychology and metaphysics
    2. Sutta Pitaka- matters of doctrine and ethics
    3. Vinaya Pitaka- rules of monk order
    4. Mahasanghika- members of great community
  11. Who was the author of Buddha Charita- Asvaghosha
  12. Who is also known as Nigantha Nataputra- Vardhamana Mahavira
  13. The principle that distinguishes Jainism from Buddhism is the
    1. practice of the eight-fold path
    2. rejection of the infallibility of the Vedas
    3. attribution of a soul to all beings and things
    4. belief in rebirth
  14. Buddha lived approximately at the same time as- Confucius
  15. Buddha’s preaching were mainly related to
    1. belief in one god
    2. practice of rituals
    3. purity of thought and conduct
    4. idol worship
  16. The third vehicle in Buddhism was known as- Vajrayana
  17. Which state is called the “cradle of Buddhism”- Uttar Pradesh
  18. Who of the following was a contemporary of Gautama Buddha
    1. Bhadrabahu
    2. Chandragupta Maurya
    3. Parsvanath
    4. Vardhaman Mahavira
  19. Gandhara school of art came into existence in- Mahayana sect
  20. Consider the following places and then Arrange these places in chronological sequence- Lumbini>>>Bodh Gaya>>>Sarnath>>>Kushinagar
  21. With reference to Indian Literary works, what is Digha Nikaya- An important Buddhist text in Pali
  22. Read the following statements and find out which of the following statements is/are correct
    1. Jainism in ancient India condemned the varna system
    2. Jain religious literature was written in Ardhamagadhi
    3. Mahavira admitted woman into the order of his followers
      1. 1,2and 3
      2. 1 and 2
      3. 3 only
      4. 2 and 3
  23. Which of the following is not included in the eight-fold path of Buddhism
    1. Right speech
    2. RIght contemplation
    3. Right desire
    4. Right conduct
  24. Where did Gautama Buddha delivered his first seremon, known as Dharma Chakra Pravartan (i.e. Turning of the wheel of the law)- Sarnath
  25. List matching with correct answers
    1. Birth of buddha- Lumbini
    2. Enlightment- Bodh Gaya
    3. First seremon- Sarnath
    4. Death of Buddha- Kushinagar (Kasia)
  26. Assertion (A): The merchants called setthi made handsome gifts to Mahavira and his disciples. Reason (R): Mahavira and his disciples preached non-voilence which put an end to wars and promote trade and commerce.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is a correct explaination of A
    2. Both A and R are true and R is not a correct explaination of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  27. Consider the following- 1. Pitakas 2. Angas 3.Jataka Which of the above is/are branches of Buddhist literature
    1. 1 and 3 only
    2. 2 and 3 only
    3. 1,2 and 3 only
    4. 1 only
  28. Who taught the doctrine of Shunyata (Shunyavad)- Nagarjuna
  29. Which king was an ardent follower of Jainism in south India- Kharavela
  30. The king who is given the credit of carrying Jainism in south India is- Bhadrabahu
  31. In Buddhism, what does Patimokkha stand for- The rules of the sangha
  32. Which of the following is not common in Buddhism and Jainism
    1. Non voilence(Ahimsa)
    2. Indifference to Vedas
    3. Self mortification
    4. Rejection of rituals
  33. Where was the first Buddhist council held- Rajgriha
  34. Mahavira Jaina breathed his last breath at- Pawapuri
  35. Gautama Buddha was elevated to the position of God by the time of- Kanishka
  36. Mahabodhi temple has been built at Bodh Gaya where- Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment
  37. Chinese traveler Hiuen-Tsang studied at the University of- Nalanda
  38. Where was the third Buddhist council held- Patliputra
  39. Where was Mahavir swami born- Kundagram
  40. Which of the following places is considered a Jain Siddha Kshetra on account of its association with Parsavanatha- Sammed Sikhar
  41. Buddha was born at- Lumbini
  42. Consider the following statements and select the difference between a chaitya and vihara
    1. Chaitya is a place of worship whereas vihara is a living place for Buddhist saints
    2. Vihara is a place of worship whereas chaitya is a living place for Buddhists monks
    3. Chaitya and Vihara botha can be used as a living place
    4. There is not much difference between the two
  43. Assertion (A): Kushinagar was the capital of Malla Republic Reason (R): Mahatma Buddha got Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true and R is not a correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  44. The doctrine of three jewels- Right belief, Right conduct, and right knowledge is the crowning glory of- Jainism
  45. The Vikram Shila Mahavihara, a great center of education, was founded by- Dharmapala
  46. The Lumbini was the birthplace of Buddha is attested by an inscription of- Ashoka
  47. Sarnath is in the state of- Uttar Pradesh
  48. Vikramshila Mahavihara was established by the ruler of- Pala dynasty
  49. Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana in the republic of the- Mallas
  50. List Matching
    1. Bodhi tree- Enlightenment
    2. Dharma Chakra-First sermon
    3. Horse- Renunciation
    4. Lotus-Birth
  51. Consider according to Buddhism. Assertion (A): There is no rebirth. Reason (R): There is no soul. Now select your answer from the following codes:
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  52. Who propounded that ‘destiny determines everything, man is powerless’- Ajivika
  53. Lord Buddha preached the following four noble truths. Put them in the correct order using the codes given below.
    1. There is suffering
    2. There is a cessation of suffering
    3. There is a path leading to the cessation of suffering
    4. There is a cause of suffering
      1. 1-4-2-3
      2. 1-4-3-2
      3. 1-3-2-4
      4. 1-2-4-3
  54. Who is known as the light of Asia- Lord Buddha
  55. Syadvad (the theory of maybe) is a doctrine of-Jainism
  56. The stupa site which is not connected with any incident of Lord Buddha’s life is
    1. Sarnath
    2. Sanchi
    3. Bodh Gaya
    4. Kushinagar
  57. Prabhasgiri is a pilgrim spot of- Jains
  58. Who becomes the chief of the Jain sangha after the death of Mahavira- Sudharma
  59. Jivaka, the royal physician of Rajgriha, was the son of the Ganika named as- Salvati
  60. The fourth Buddhist council was convened during the regime of the king- Kanishka
  61. The Tripitaka was written in- Pali
  62. Name the last Tirthankara- Mahavira
  63. Assertion A: The emphasis of Jainism on non-violence (Ahimsa) prevented agriculturist from embracing Jainism. Reason R: Cultivation involved the killing of insects and pests.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  64. Who presided over the Buddhist council held during the regime of Kanishka at Kashmir- Vasumitra
  65. In Ancient Indian Buddhist monasteries, a ceremony called Pavarana used to be held. It was the- confession of the monks of their offense committed during their stay in the monasteries during the rainy season
  66. Read the following statements below and decide which of the following statements are true
    1. Vardhamana Mahavira’s mother was the daughter of Lichchavi chief Chetaka
    2. Gautama Buddha’s mother was a princess from the Koliya dynasty
    3. Parshavanatha, the twenty-third Tirthankara, belonged to Banaras
      1. only 1
      2. only 2
      3. 2 and 3
      4. 1,2 and 3
  67. With reference to ancient Jainism, which one of the following statements is correct
    1. Jainism was spread in south India under the leadership of Sthalabahu
    2. The Jains who remained under the leadership of Bhadrabahu were called Shvetambaras after the council held at Pataliputra
    3. Jainism enjoyed the patronage of the Kalinga king Kharavela in the first century BC
    4. In the initial stage of Jainism, the Jains worshiped the images unlike Buddhists
  68. Read the following statements and find out which of the following are true-
    1. The Ikshvaku rulers of southern India were antagonistic towards Buddhism
    2. The palas rulers of the Eastern India were patrons of Buddhism
      1. 1 only
      2. 2 only
      3. Both 1 and 2
      4. Neither 1 and 2
  69. Anekantavada is a core theory and philosophy of which religion- Jainism
  70. Mahamastakabhiseka, a great religious event, is associated with and done for who of the following- Bahubali
  71. Why Buddhism started declining in India- Buddha was by the time considered as one of the incarnations of Vishnu and thus became a part of Vaishnavism
  72. Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called “Bhumisparsha Mudra”. It symbolizes-
    1. Buddha’s calling of the earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
    2. Buddha’s calling earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara

Maurya Period (322 BC-185 BC)


  1. Which king also had the name Devanama Piyadasi- Mauryan king, Ashoka
  2. With which centers of learning, Chanakya the famous teacher of Chandragupta Maurya was associated- Takshila
  3. The event which brought about a profound change in Ashoka’s administrative policy- The Kalinga war
  4. The great Stupa at Sanchi is in- Madhya Pradesh
  5. The monk who influenced Ashoka to embrace Buddhism was- Upa Gupta
  6. Which one of the following does not appear on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka
    1. Bull
    2. Dear
    3. Elephant
    4. Horse
  7. Which historical personalities of India is also known as Vishnugupta- Chanakya
  8. Megasthenes was the envoy of which of the king- Seleucus
  9. Which of the following was the oldest dynasty of India- Maurya
  10. The division of Mauryan society into seven classed was particularly mentioned in- The Indica of Megasthenes
  11. Kautilya’s Arthasashastra is a book on- principle and practices of statecraft
  12. The valley of Sindhu, Ganga, and Jamuna were brought together for the first time under one political authority by- Chandragupta Maurya
  13. Which one of the following places has no Ashokan edicts
    1. Girnar
    2. Kandhar
    3. Pataliputra
    4. Topra
  14. Who was appointed by Ashoka to administer justice in his empire- Rajuka
  15. Consider the following with reference to the disintegration and decline of the Mauryan Empire and find out which of the above reasons led to the disintegration and decline of the Mauryan Empire
    1. Brahmanical revolt
    2. King Ashoka’s pacifist policies
    3. Invasions from outside
    4. the weakness of Ashoka’s successors
      1. 1,2 and 3
      2. 2 and 4
      3. 1 and 3
      4. 1,2,3 and 4
  16. Who was contemporary of Alexander, the great- Chandragupta Maurya
  17. The notion of Saptanga that was introduced in “Arthashastra” includes-
    1. kings, territory, administration, and treasury
    2. music, dance, rages, and wrestling
    3. ministers, civil servants, subalterns and those involved in espionage
    4. aristocrats, acharyas, traders, and monks
  18. Assertion A: Ashoka says in his Rock Edict XIII that he turned to Dhamma. Reason R: He witnessed much misery at Kalinga war.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
  19. To which dynasty did Ashoka belong- Maurya
  20. Which rock edict of Ashoka provides a description of the horrors of Kalinga war- 13th rock edict
  21. The head of a district (Ahara), the principal coordinator of the revenue and the officer-in-charge of general and military functions in his jurisdiction during the Mauryan Empire was known as- Rajuka
  22. A Buddhist council during the reign of Ashoka was held at- Pataliputra
  23. Kautilya’s “Arthashastra” deals with the aspect of- Political policies
  24. Chandragupta Maurya figures prominently in the book of- Vishakdatta
  25. The description of the administration of Patliputra is available in- Indica
  26. Who amongst the following Mauryan rulers did conquer the Deccan
    1. Ashoka
    2. Chandragupta
    3. Bindusara
    4. Kunala
  27. The language used in the inscription of Ashoka is- Prakrit
  28. In how many categories did Megasthenes divide the Indian society- Seven
  29. Which dynasty did rule over Magadha after Nanda dynasty- Maurya
  30. The most famous educational center during the period of Mauryan age was- Taxila
  31. Who was the writer of “Mudrarakshasa”- Vishakhdatta
  32. What is the name of Megasthenes’s book- Indica
  33. In how many adhikaranas is the Kautilya’s Arthashastra divided- 15
  34. Who identified the name Sandrocottus as Chandragupta Maurya- William Jones
  35. who deciphered the Brahmi inscription of Ashoka first time- James Princep
  36. the last Mauryan emperor was- Brihadratha
  37. Kautilya was the prime minister of- Chandragupta Maurya
  38. List matching with correct answers (Already matched)
    1. Chandragupta- Sandrocottus
    2. Bindusara- Amitraghata
    3. Ashoka- piyadassi
    4. Chanakya- Vishnugupta
  39. Which of the following king is not mentioned in the Ashokan inscription
    1. Chola
    2. Pandya
    3. Satiyaputa
    4. Satvahan
  40. By which name was Chanakya known in his childhood- Vishnugupta
  41. An Ashokan edict is located in Uttaranchal at- Kalsi
  42. Who constructed Sanchi Stupa- Ashoka
  43. Which Indian king defeated Seleucus, the administrator of Sindh and Afghanistan appointed by Alexander- Chandragupta
  44. In which inscription the name of Ashoka has been mentioned- Minor rock edict of Maski
  45. Who in ancient India assumed the title amitraghata- Bindusar
  46. Chandragupta Maurya defeatedSeleucus

Post Maurya Period/Pre-Gupta Period (185 BC-319 AD)


  1. Yavanika (Curtain) was introduced in Indian theatre by whom- Greeks
  2. Who started the Saka era which is still used by the Government of India- Kanishka
  3. Who were the first kings to issue gold coins in India- Indo-Greeks
  4. Who amount the following were contemporaries of Kanishka
    1. Nagarjuna, Ashvagosha, Vasumitra
    2. Kamban, Banabhatta, Ashvaghosha
    3. Ashvaghosha, Kalidas, Banabhatta
    4. Kalidasa, Kamban, Vasumitra
  5. The greatest development in the Kushana period was in the field of- Architecture
  6. What was the capital of Kanishka- Purushapura
  7. St. Thomas is said to have come to India to propagate Christianity during the reign of- Gondapharnese (Parthian)
  8. Who started the Saka era and when- Kanishka in 78 AD
  9. Charak was the court Physician of- Kanishka
  10. In the kingdom of Satvahanas of ancient India, a district was called- Ahara
  11. At which of the following places the headless statue of Kanishka was foundMathura
  12. With whose reign the Gandhara school of Art is associated- Kanishka
  13. Which dynasty was associated with the Gandhara school of Art- Kushans
  14. The destruction of the Mauryan Empire was followed by a series of invasion, and first to invade India were the- Indo-Bactrians
  15. Read the following statements and find out which of the following statements is/are correct
    1. The Gandhara art of the Peshawar Valley is known for some of the finest sculpture made in dark grey Schist.
    2. The Kushans were the first Indian king to have portraits of themselves made in their shrines.
      1. 1 only
      2. 2 only
      3. Both 1 and 2
      4. Neither 1 nor 2
  16. Which dynasty succeded Sungas- Kanvas
  17. A Buddhist council during the reign of Kanishka was held at- Kashmir
  18. Which Chinese general defeated Kanishka- Pen Chao
  19. Who of the following did not adorn the court of Kanishka- Vishakhdatta
  20. The capital of Satvahanas was located at- Paithan
  21. Which ruler was mentioned as the protector of the Varna system- Kharvela
  22. The art style which combines Indian and Greek feature is called- Gandhar
  23. Who was called by Vindhya Adhipati- Gautamiputra Satkarni
  24. In which year was Sakabda/Saka samvata started- 78 AD
  25. When did Mathura school of art flourish- Kushana period
  26. The practice of military government ship was first introduced in India by the- Greeks
  27. Who presided over the Buddhist Council held during the reign of Kanishka at Kashmir- Vasumitra
  28. .
  29. With reference to the invaders in ancient India, which one of the following is the correct chronological order
    1. Greeks-Sakas-Kushanas
    2. Greeks-Kushanas-Sakas
    3. Sakas-Greeks-Kushanas
    4. Sakas-Kushanas-Greeks
  30. With reference to the guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role in the country’s economy, which of the following statements is/are correct
    1. Every guild was registered with the central authority of the state and king was the chief administrative authority on them.
    2. The wages, rules of work standards and prices were fixed by the guilds.
    3. The guild has judicial powers over its own members.
      1. 1 and 2 only
      2. 3 only
      3. 2 and 3 only
      4. 1,2 and 3

Sangam Period (1st-3rd Century AD)


  1. List matching (already matched)
    1. Chera- Bow
    2. Chola- Tiger
    3. Pandya- Fish
  2. List matching (already matched)
    1. Tolkappiyam- Tolakapiyyar
    2. Silppadikaram- Bango Adigal
    3. Manimekalai- Sittalai Sattanar
    4. Sivaga SIndamani- Tiruttakrdevas
  3. List matching (already matched)
    1. Kurinji- Hilly backwoods or montane
    2. Palai- Parched or arid zone
    3. Mullai- Pastoral tract
    4. Marutam- wetland
    5. Neithal- Littoral/Coastal
  4. List matching (already matched)
    1. Chera- Senguttuvan
    2. Chola- Karikala
    3. Pandya- Nendujeliyan
  5. The capital of Kadamba kings was- Vanavasi
  6. The third Sangam was held at- Madurai
  7. The “Paditrupputtu” is collection of poems in the praise of which of the following king- Chera
  8. Correct matching >>> Silappadikaram-Ilango Adigal
  9. “Tolakappiyam” is related to- Grammer
  10. The author of “Kural ” or “Muppal”, a treatise on polity, ethics ad social norms, was- Tiruvalluvar
  11. Which is called the “Bible of Tamil Nadu”- Kural
  12. Who was the founder of Pattini cult related to the worship of the goddess of chastity- Kannagi- Sengattuvan
  13. Who was the founder of Puhar (Kaveripattanam)- Karikala
  14. For which it was said that, that: the space in which elephant could lie down produced enough to feed seven persons- Kaveri delta
  15. Which of the following were the patrons of Sangam, an assembly of Tamil poets- Pandya

Gupta Period (319 AD-540 AD)


  1. Who was the first known Gupta ruler- Srigupta
  2. The silver coins of the Gupta period were known as- Rupyaka
  3. During which Gupta king’s reign did the Chinese traveler Fahien visit India- Chandragupta II
  4. Which king of the Gupta Dynasty was called the “Napolean of India”- Samudragupta
  5. Who organized Ashwamedha Yajna- Samudragupta
  6. Works of Kalidasa- Kumar Sambhavam, Raghuvamsa, Ritusamhara
  7. Which of the following works did not belong to the Gupta period
    1. Abhijinashakuntalam
    2. Amarakosa
    3. Charaka Samhita
    4. Mrichhakatika
  8. During the reign of which of the following dynasty did Kalidasa flourish- Guptas
  9. Which period marks the beginning of the Indian temple architecture- Gupta
  10. Who assumed the title of ‘Vikramaditya’- Chandragupta II
  11. In which century did the famous Chinese pilgrim Fahien visited India- 5 Century AD
  12. The six district school of Indian Philosophy- Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaishasika, Mimansa, Vedanta- became fully articulated during the- Gupta period
  13. ‘Mrichhakatika’ was written by- Sudraka
  14. Which one of the following was the official language of the Gupta period- Sanskrit
  15. Which Gupta king granted permission to Meghverma, the ruler of Sri Lanka to build a Buddhist temple at Gaya- Samudragupta
  16. Aryabhatta and Varahmihira belong to which age- Guptas
  17. The decimal numeral system, including the concept of zero, was invented in India during which one of the following dynasty- Gupta
  18. ‘Kumarasambhavam’ an epic, was composed by- Kalidasa
  19. In the courtyard of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque of Delhi stands the famous iron pillar in the memory of- Chandra
  20. Read the following statements and answer give the correct answer-
    1. Gupta Emperors claimed the divine right for themselves.
    2. Their administration was highly centralized.
    3. They elaborated the tradition of land-grants.
  21. Sudraka’s ‘Mrichhakatikam’ is a- Drama
  22. Samudragupta has been given the title of ‘Indian Napolean’ by the historian- V.A.Smith
  23. Who was the founder of the Gupta Dynasty- Srigupta
  24. Who was the court poet of Samudragupta- Harisena
  25. The Prayag Prasasti/Allahabad Pillar Inscription is associated with whom- Samudragupta
  26. There are only two known examples of cave paintings of the Gupta period in ancient India. One of these is paintings of Ajanta caves. Which is the other surviving example of Gupta paintings- Bagh Caves

Post-Gupta Period (550 AD-647 AD)


  1. Harshavardhana was defeated by- Pulkesin II
  2. Which of the following is not composed by Harshavardhana
    1. Harshacharita
    2. Ratnavali
    3. Priyadarshika
    4. Nagananda
  3. In whose court was a Chinese embassy sent by Tang Emperor- Harshavardhana
  4. Which ruler checked the Harshavardhana’s expedition in South India- Pulkesin II
  5. The rock-cut temple of Mahabalipuram was built under the patronage of the- Pallava Kings
  6. Which inscriptions mention Pulkesin II military success against Harshavardhana- Aihole Inscription
  7. Who was the writer of ‘Harshcharta’- Banabhatta
  8. Two great religious conferences were held by king Harshvardhana at- Kannauj and Prayag
  9. Who sent Hieun-Tsang as an envoy to Harsha’ court- Tai Tsung
  10. Where was the capital of Sasanka- Karna Suvarna
  11. Read the statement below and find the correct answer
    1. Assertion (A): Harsavardhana convened the Prayag Assembly
    2. Reason (R): He wanted to popularise only the Mahayana form of Buddhism
      1. Both A and R are true. R is the correct explanation of A.
      2. Both A and R are true. R is not the correct explanation of A.
      3. A is true but R is false.
      4. A is false but R is ture.
  12. Emperor Harsha’s southward march was stopped on the Narmada river by- Pulkesin II

Miscellaneous (Ancient India)


  1. Which among the following is the oldest dynasty- Maurya
  2. What do the painting of Ajanta depict- Jatakas
  3. The subject-matter of Ajanta painting pertains to— Buddhism
  4. Where did the game of Chess originate- India
  5. The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are— HIndu, Buddhism and Jain
  6. When was the ‘Panchtantra’ written- Gupta period
  7. Which one of the following sources of Islam is associated with the teachings of Prophet Mohammad- Quran
  8. List matching with correct answers (Already matched)
    1. Kazhugumalai- Tamil Nadu
    2. Mandu- Madhya Pradesh
    3. Palitana- Gujrat
    4. Ranakpur- Rajasthan
  9. Taxila University was situated in—Pakistan
  10. Bhagavatism centered around the worship of—Vishnu
  11. Fahien and Huen — Tsang visited the kingdom of— Chandragupta Vikramaditya and Harsha respectively
  12. The decimal system was first known in India at the beginning of- 5th century AD
  13. Which one of the following is considered an encyclopedia of Indian Medicine- Charaka Samhita
  14. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched (already matched)
    1. Kautilya—Arthashastra
    2. Hala-Gathasaptasati
    3. Banbhatta—Buddhacharita
    4. Kalidasa—-Abhijnanashakuhtalam
  15. Foreign visitors to India in order. Megasthenes>Fahien>Hiuen Tsang>Alberuni
  16. The first major inscription in classical Sanskrit is that of- Rudradaman
  17. Which of the following is not corretly matched
    1. Bimbisara- Magadha
    2. Bindusara- Maurya
    3. Agnimitra- Sunga
    4. Sasanka- Kanava
  18. Correct chronological order in which the following kings ruled in India are Bimbisara>Mahapadmananda>Kanishka I>Skandagupta
  19. Use of white marble, long legs and slender frames, human being as central characters and prominencce of kings, princess and places’ – were the characterstic features of which one of the following ancient art forms of India- Amaravati school of Art
  20. Which one of the following was known as Chalco-lithic Age- Copper-stone Age
  21. List matching with correct answers (Already matched)
    1. Time taken by the earth to orbit the sun- Bhaskaracharya
    2. Calculation of the value of Pi- Bodhayana
    3. Invention of the digit zero- Aryabhatta
    4. The game of snakes and ladders- Gyandev
  22. The cultivation of cereals first started in- Neolithic Age
  23. Carbon-dating isused to determine the age of- Fossils
  24. With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below are correct?
    1. Different kinds of specialized surgical instruments were in common use by Ist century AD.
    2. Transport of internal organs in thehuman bodyhad begun by the beginning of 3rd century AD.
    3. The concept of sine of an angle was known in 5th century AD.
    4. The concept of cyclic quadrilaterals was known in 7th centrury AD.