Most Important Current Affairs for January 2019
1. India ranks to 78th position on Corruption Perceptions Index 2018
India has improved its ranking on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2018 and moved to 78th position. In Corruption Perceptions Index 2017 India was ranked at 81st place. In the list of 180 countries, Denmark is the least corrupt country followed by New Zealand. Somalia, Syria and South Sudan are the most corrupt countries in the world. China and Pakistan were ranked at 87th and 117th position on Corruption Perceptions Index 2018 respectively.
2. India signs agreement with OECD for participation in PISA 2021
The Union Human Resources Development Ministry on January 28, 2019 signed an agreement with Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for India’s Participation in Programme for International Student Assessment- PISA 2021.
3. Train 18 named as ‘Vande Bharat Express’; set to run between Delhi and Varanasi at speed of 160 kmph
The Union Minister of Railways and Coal, Piyush Goyal on January 27, 2019 named India's first engineless train, ‘Train 18’ as the 'Vande Bharat Express'. The train was manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in the period of 18 months under the 'Make in India' initiative.
4. Bharat Ratna 2019
The President, Ram Nath Kovind on January 25, 2019 conferred the 2019 Bharat Ratna Award, country's highest civilian honour, on former president and Congress leader Pranab Mukherjee. The award was also conferred on RSS ideologue Nanaji Deshmukh and singer Bhupen Hazarika, both posthumously. Gautam Gambhir, Prabhu Deva, Late Kader Khan among awardees
This year, President Ram Nath Kovind approved conferment of 112 Padma Awards. The list comprises 4 Padma Vibhushan, 14 Padma Bhushan and 94 Padma Shri Awards, of which, 21 of the awardees are women.
5. Kumbh Mela 2019
The world's largest religious and cultural human congregation, ‘Kumbh 2019’ began at Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh on January 15, 2019 and will go on till March 4, 2019. This 7-week event began with the holy dip at Sangam, the confluence of three rivers - Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati.
6. 10% reservation for economically weak in general category comes into force
The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019, the Act providing 10 percent reservation in government jobs and educational institutions to Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of General Category, came into effect on January 14, 2019.
7. 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas
The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas on January 22, 2019 in his parliamentary constituency, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. In the history of Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas, the event is being held for the first time in Varanasi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Mauritian counterpart Pravind Kumar Jugnauth held talks and discussed ways to boost bilateral trade and investment.
9. Virat Kohli named ICC Test, ODI Player and Cricketer of the year 2018
Indian skipper Virat Kohli on January 22, 2019 became the first cricketer to win all the top three ICC individual awards including the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year, the ICC Men's Test Player of the Year and the ICC ODI Player of the Year for his performances in 2018,
10. PM Narendra Modi awarded with first-ever Philip Kotler Presidential Award
The Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on January 14, 2019 conferred with the first-ever Philip Kotler Presidential Award. As per the award citation, the Prime Minister has been selected for his outstanding leadership for the nation.
11. Gujarat becomes first state to implement 10 % quota for ceonomically weak in general category
Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani announced on January 13, 2019 that his government will implement the 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections of the general category with immediate effect.
12. ISRO launches Kalamsat, Microsat-R satellites on PSLV-C44 rocket
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched a students' satellite Kalamsat and an imaging satellite Microsat-R from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on January 24, 2019, marking its first launch of the ISRO in 2019.
13. Veteran Bollywood actor-writer Kader Khan passes away
Veteran Bollywood actor-director and scholar, Kader Khan passed away on January 1, 2019 following a prolonged illness in Toronto, Canada. He was 81. He is survived by his wife Hajra, son Sarfaraz, daughter-in-law, and grandchildren.
14. Justice T B N Radhakrishnan sworn in as first Chief Justice of Telangana HC
Justice Thottathil Bhaskaran Nair Radhakrishnan was on January 1, 2018 sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the Telangana High Court. The oath to the office was administered to Justice Radhakrishnan by Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Governor ESL Narasimhan at a ceremony held at Raj Bhavan.
15. Cabinet approves merger of Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank and Bank of Baroda
The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on January 2, 2019 approved the ‘Scheme of Amalgamation’ for merger of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank. The amalgamation will be the first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in India.
16. Bill to make marital rape a crime introduced in Lok Sabha
A private bill titled the Women's Sexual, Reproductive and Menstrual Rights Bill 2018 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha by Congress MP Dr Shashi Tharoor. The bill proposes the deletion of exception 2 to Section 375 of Indian Penal Code, which states that sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife is not rape. It also grants women an absolute right to termination of pregnancy where they may terminate pregnancy merely by request until the 12th week of pregnancy.
17. Bangladesh Elections 2018
Sheikh Hasina wins third consecutive term as prime minister. Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina secured her third consecutive term and fourth overall with a landslide victory in the nation’s general elections. The results were announced by the Election Commission on December 31, 2018.
18. Smriti Mandhana named ICC Women’s Cricketer of the Year
India’s left-handed opener Smriti Mandhana has won the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Award for the ICC Women’s Cricketer of the Year. Mandhana was also awarded as the ICC Women’s ODI Player of the Year. The announcement was made by the International Cricket Council on December 31, 2018.
19. Lok Sabha passes Citizenship Amendment bill
The Lok Sabha on January 8, 2019 passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which seeks to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955. Under Citizenship Act, 1955, one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalisation is that the applicant must have resided in India during the last 12 months and for 11 of the previous 14 years. The bill relaxes this 11-year requirement to six years for persons belonging to the all the six religions from the three countries.
20. RBI forms Nandan Nilekani led Committee to boost digital payments
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on January 8, 2018 constituted a High-Level Committee on Deepening of Digital Payments to encourage digitisation of payments and enhance financial inclusion. The five-member committee will be headed by UIDAI’s former Chairman Nandan Nilekani.
The committee will review the existing status of digitisation of payments and suggest ways to bridge any gaps in the ecosystem. The Committee will submit its report within a period of 90 days from the date of its first meeting.
21. Vinesh Phogat becomes first Indian athlete to be nominated in Laureus World Comeback of Year Award
Indian star wrestler Vinesh Phogat on January 17, 2019 became the first Indian athlete to be nominated for the prestigious Laureus World Comeback of the Year Award.
Vinesh has been nominated in “Laureus World Sporting Comeback” category for the year 2019 and will be competing for the award with some of the world’s greatest sportsmen including golfer Tiger Woods, Canadian snowboarder Mark McMorri.
22. PM Modi inaugurates Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the ninth edition of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019 on January 18, 2019. The summit is being held at the Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
The theme of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019 was “Youth Connect 2019: Shaping A New India – The Story of Billion Dreams”. The President of Uzbekistan & Rwanda, Prime Minister of Denmark, Czech Republic and Prime Minister of Malta are expected to attended the summit.
President of Uzbekistan- Shavkat Mirziyoyev
President of Rwanda- Paul Kagame
Prime Minister of Denmark- Lars Lokke Rasmussen
Prime Minister of the Czech- Republic Andrej Babis
Prime Minister of Malta- Joseph Muscat
23. ISRO launches UNNATI Programme
National space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on January 17, 2019 launched the UNNATI (UNispace Nano-satellite Assembly and Training by ISRO) programme at the U R Rao Satellite Centre, Bengaluru.
UNNATI is a capacity building programme on nanosatellite development.
ISRO Chairman- K Sivan